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タイトル: 深州方言指代词三分法说略
その他のタイトル: A Brief Explanation about Three Scenarios of Demonstrative Pronouns in Shenzhou Speech
著者: 张, 仲霏
Zhang, Zhongfei
キーワード: 深州方言
発行日: 10-Mar-2018
出版者: 神奈川大学言語研究センター
抄録: There are three demonstrative pronouns in Shenzhou Speech:zhe,ha and na. When the demonstratives are used for pointing to a specific object,both zhe(这)and ha(哈)are pointing to the object nearby,and na is pointing to a further object,while ha indicates objects that are slightly further than that by zhe. When the demonstratives are used as representing something, there are two scenarios:variant representing and direct representing. The variant representing is actually realized from the omission of the noun indicated by the demonstrative, and when the omitted noun is singular,the numeral “one” must be added between the demonstrative pronoun and the measure word because the combination of demonstrative pronoun and measure word alone is unacceptable in Shenzhou Speech. The direct representing is not realized just by omitting the noun when the measure word is limited to use ge in light tone and such make up zhege,hage and nage to be as the compound words in linguistics for their abstract meanings. 深州方言有“这” “哈” “那”三个指代词。用于指示意义,近指用“这” 和“哈”,远指用“那” 和“哈”表示较远的近指。用于称代意义,分转成和直接两种形式。转成称代系指示用法的名词省略式,被省略的名词为单数时,深州方言不支持指代词直接结合量词,需以量词前面加“一”进行调节;直接称代并非指示用法的名词省略而得,量词限于轻声“个”,由于“这个” “哈个” “那个”都表示一个抽象概念,以此成就了它们的作为语言学的词的性质和地位。
ISSN: 0915-3136


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