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年報 『非文字資料研究』 第8号 >


タイトル: 15 牧畜村落におけるオボー祭祀の復活及び祭祀儀礼の再考― 内モンゴル・モガイト村のイケ・ツァイダム・オボーを中心に ― 
その他のタイトル: 15 The Revival of Ovoo Worship and a Reconsideration of Ovoo Worship Rituals in Pastoralist Village -Focusing on the Ike Tsaidam Ovoo in the Village of Mogaito in Inner Mongolia-
著者: 白, 莉莉
Bai, Lili
発行日: 20-Mar-2012
出版者: 神奈川大学日本常民文化研究所 非文字資料研究センター
抄録: The author attempted to study the revival of Ike Tsaidam Ovoo worship and its rituals in the village of Mogaito in Otog Front Banner, Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, in one of the region’s key areas for livestock pastoralism. Amid rapid economic development and changes in the social environment, the author attempted to clarify through case study analysis how traditional ovoo beliefs are handed down and change over time in pastoralist village. Ovoos are sites of worship piled high with rocks, shrub branches, grass, soil, brick or snow in places of majestic natural scenery, such as grand mountains and near great rivers. They are found throughout Mongolia, and have long been considered homes to guardian spirits of the areas. In Mongolia, land was long shared by local social groups rather than owned by individuals or families. Therefore, each ovoo was home to the guardian spirits of the social group that lived in a certain area, and was worshipped by the group every year. This study was conducted mainly through field work approaches to determine how the community of Mogaito dealt with the revival of ovoo worship, and involved analyzing the processes of worshipping rituals and comparing them to ovoo worshipping rituals in other regions, in an attempt to understand the regional characteristics of ovoo worship. Traditional culture and worship rituals in Inner Mongolia were of course discontinued for close to half a century due to the tumultuous political movements in China in the latter half of the twentieth century. Though the rituals were revived in the 1980s, the government was often involved in them and their revival projects, to industrialize local traditional culture and exploit it for the economic development of the region. Therefore, this study was aimed at understanding how traditional culture was handed down in regions and how meanings attached to worshipping rituals changed over time. As Chinese society became increasingly modernized, people grew increasingly affluent, particularly in regions inhabited by ethnic minorities, and national policies on traditional culture were relaxed. But it has become clear that traditional manners and customs tend to undergo both revival and transition, as regional development leads to changes in the natural environment, and promotion of economic development in regional policies leads to changes in the living environment.
内容記述: 2010年度奨励研究成果論文
ISSN: 1883-9169
出現コレクション:年報 『非文字資料研究』 第8号


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